Whether you need to pay tuition fees before or after receiving your student visa depends on the university and the Offer Letter you received. In some countries like the USA and Malaysia, tuition fees are not charged until you apply for and obtain your student visa. If your visa application is unsuccessful, there will be no need for tuition fee payments, and refunds won’t be required.
However, countries like Turkey, North Cyprus, the UK, Canada, etc., may require you to pay tuition fees to receive your visa invitation. In case your visa application is rejected, most universities will typically refund the initial deposit paid. However, it is crucial to carefully review the refund policy in your initial Letter of Acceptance to confirm this, as some universities may have specific policies regarding refunds in case of visa rejections.